Cybersecurity is a massive concern for higher education institutions. Even before the pandemic, these institutions have been collecting large amounts of data from students, researchers, faculty, and staff. With hybrid or fully remote curriculums, this problem has only gotten larger. Since many employees and students now work outside the campus perimeter, it has introduced new risks that need to be managed.
Cyberattacks have evolved and grown trickier as the Internet and software have progressed. Understanding the types of security threats that are most relevant to colleges and universities can help.
Phishing has been around but is now more adaptive than ever before. In a phishing attack, the hacker will pretend to be someone you know and exploit that trust to trick you into providing sensitive information such as passwords. Email tends to be the most common method cybercriminals use, but they can also hack into social media messaging accounts, for instance. Hackers can even try to impersonate your Information Technology (IT) team, so becoming familiar with the team and checking anything sent that is unusual can be valuable in fighting back against the hackers.
Targeting of university presidents or specific faculty members also occurs. Often referred to as “spear phishing” or “whaling,” the hacker will study the target individual’s behavior to find the most effective way to gain their trust.
Educating students and staff on recognizing phishing messages can be incredibly effective at preventing successful attacks. This is particularly important because many students and faculty use their own electronic devices, which may not always have adequate security protection.
If your institution isn’t already doing so, using multi-factor authentication can help prevent phishing attacks. With multi-factor authentication, students and faculty will need to enter additional codes sent to their email or phone in addition to their password to log in to the university’s system. People may not enjoy the extra addition of having to click something on their login or receive a phone call, but it’s been highly successful in protecting students, faculty, and staff when it comes to compromised credentials.
Ransomware is another major challenge facing colleges and universities today. A ransomware attack can have devastating consequences for any university. Ransomware is a type of malicious software that locates valuable data and holds it for a ransom sum. Colleges and universities hold a large amount of valuable student data and conduct valuable high-level research, which is why so many hackers use ransomware to target them. Ransom sums for these attacks can be extremely high and are often financially devastating. Some states like North Carolina and Florida have even tried to instill a prohibition on paying ransoms, so prevention is important.
To prevent ransomware, universities should have a robust firewall throughout the entire system and keep it updated. Additionally, making regular backups of your most important data can lessen the impact of a ransomware attack if it does happen. Working with a trustworthy IT provider can help you stay on top of your cybersecurity maintenance and prevent ransomware attacks. Communication with IT is critical because of the innovative research and information within universities. And hiring a consultant to do a business impact analysis can also be helpful.
Looking to the future, as biometrics evolve, people are using it more readily, and there could be an opportunity there in helping to prevent ransomware attacks.
Many hackers also use SQL injections when attacking higher learning institutions. They will enter a piece of malicious code into a query box, such as login pages and contact forms, on your website. The malicious code enables the hacker to access protected data and can even alter this data. There are ways to prevent SQL injections by using parameterized statements. Working with an IT company through the web design process and updating your website to address these security threats can make all the difference.
Additionally, it’s essential to schedule time for regular software updates, as outdated technology puts information even more at risk for cyberattacks. Missing even one software update can make your organization more vulnerable, so stay up to date!
In general, phishing, ransomware, and SQL injections are common ways hackers tend to infiltrate systems to gather data from higher institutions. With the explosion of cloud-based systems and the Internet of Things (IoT) that are now creating new points of entry, it is essential to develop a basis of communication with IT teams and increase personal awareness of these common threats.